ARCHELAIS

ARCHELAIS, ancient town in the Jordan Valley, north of Jericho. It was founded by Archelaus, the son of Herod, and was later given to Salome, Herod's sister, who in turn bequeathed it in 10 C.E. to Livia, wife of the emperor Augustus. Archelaus built the town as a center for his vast date groves for which he diverted water extending from the springs of Na'aran (Neara; Jos., Ant. 17:1–340). Pliny the Elder (Nat. Hist. V, 44) also refers to the high quality date groves that once grew in this specific region. According to a Roman road map (tabula Peutingeriana), Archelais was situated 12 Roman miles N. of Jericho; it is similarly indicated on the madaba mosaic Map. It is now identified with Khirbet Beiyudat – as originally suggested by H. Guthe – and excavations conducted there in 1986–91 and 1994–99 by H. Hizmi revealed a large building built of ashlars preserved to a height of 30 ft. (9 m.) and a fifth-century C.E. basilica church with highly decorated mosaic floors and a dedicatory inscription. Substantial remains were uncovered from the Second Temple period (first century C.E.), including ritual bathing pools, residential quarters, and pottery and stone vessels, all lending support to the identification of this site as Archelais. A large inn was apparently built at the site at the time of Herod Agrippa I (41–44 C.E.) and much of its plan was revealed during the recent excavations. It was destroyed at the time of Vespasian's march on Jericho in 67–68 C.E. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Guthe, in: MNDPV (1911), 65; Abel, in: RB, 22 (1913), 236; Dalman, in: PJB, 9 (1913), 74; Alt, ibid., 23 (1927), 31; 27 (1931), 46; Avi-Yonah, Land, 104, 164. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Hizmi, "The Byzantine Church at Khirbet el-Beiyudat – Preliminary Report," in: G.C. Bottini, L. Di Segni, and E. Alliata (eds.), Christian Archaeology in the Holy Land (1990); H. Hizmi, "New Discoveries at the Second Temple Period Site of Archelais," in: Qadmoniot, 37 (2004), 95–101. (Michael Avi-Yonah / Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Archelais — • A titular see of Palestine Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Archelais     Archelais     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Archelaïs — war der Name mehrerer antiker Orte in Kappadokien, heute Aksaray in der Türkei in Judäa, siehe Archelaïs (Judäa) eines auf ein Bistum dieses Orts zurückgehenden Titularbistums, siehe Archelaïs (Titularbistum) Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Archelais — is a Catholic titular see. The original diocese was in Palestine, with its see twelve miles west of the Jordan River. Its episcopal list is given in Gams (p. 453). Another town of the same name, in Cappadocia, was founded by Archelaus, the last… …   Wikipedia

  • Archelāis — (a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt in Kappadocien, am Kappadox, vom König Archelaos von Kappadocien gegründet, vom Kaiser Claudius zur Colonie erhoben; jetzt Akserai. 2) Flecken in Samaria vom jüdischen König Archelaos gegründet …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ARCHELAIS — Cappadociae colonia, a Claudio Caesare deducta. Item vicus in Palaestina. Ioseph. Iud. Ant. l. 17 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Archelais, S. — S. Archelais – s. die Vorhergehende …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Archelaïs (Titularbistum) — Archelaïs (ital.: Archelaide) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf ein früheres Bistum des antiken Orts Archelaïs in Judäa, später römische Provinz Syria Palaestina bzw. Palaestina Prima, das der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Archelaa, SS. — SS. Archelaa (Archelaïs, Archelays) et Soc. VV. MM. (18. Jan.) Die hl. Archelaa – oder, wie sie nach der Bemerkung des Bollandus richtiger heißt, Archelais (Archelays) – war eine Gott geweihte Jungfrau, die in einem vom Lärm der Welt abgelegenen… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • COLONIA Trajana — et Colonia Ulp. Trai. in nummo Ulpii Traiani Aug. ab Auctore suo dicta, alias quoque Ulpia castra. Hîc legio Tricesima Ulpia Victrix, Dioni et veter. inscriptionibus ac Ptolemaeo etiam nota hiemavit, sub Constantino M. quae antea in castris… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Jericho — This article is about the city in the West Bank. For other uses, see Jericho (disambiguation). Jericho Other transcription(s)  – Arabic أريحا  – Also spelled Ariha (official)  – Hebrew יְרִיחוֹ …   Wikipedia

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